Tiphaine Kazi-Tani was invited to present our « Misbehaving » research topic in Liège, at Les Ateliers de la Recherche en Design (ARD9). She summed up our questions and focused on our current conceptual issues.
Link to the slides :
CIS, ICT, media and semiotics, design studies, interaction design researches… find more about our researches here
You can now watch the different talks of the ADAM final symposium online (this research project involved Annie Gentès & François Huguet from our Lab).
The research program ADAM (Distributed Architectures and Multimedia Applications) studied the technical, political, social, socio-cultural and legal implications of distributed network architectures. This term indicates a type of network bearing several features: a network made of multiple computing units, capable to achieve its objective by sharing resources and tasks, able to tolerate the failure of individual nodes and thus not subjected to single points of failure, and able to scale flexibly. Beyond this simplified operational definition, the choice, by developers and engineers of Internet-based services, to develop these architectures instead of today’s widespread centralized models, has several implications for the daily use of online services and for the rights of Internet users.
All of the conference’s presentation (+Keynotes) were filmed, and part of the debates is now available on a dedicated Dailymotion chanel.
La philosophie générique au coeur des sciences contemporaines
Conférence autour des travaux d’Anne-Françoise Schmid
23 septembre 2014
Sous le patronage de la chaire
« Théorie et Méthodes de la Conception Innovante » – Centre de Gestion Scientifique – MINES ParisTech
“Des concepts mathématiques à l’obésité, les sciences contemporaines remettent en cause l’ambition de « synthèse » des disciplines. Non seulement les objets ne se prêtent pas à des définitions standard, mais les sciences contemporaines manifestent que les convergences de perspectives disciplinaires ne permettent pas non plus d’assurer un point de vue théorique unifié, mais seulement des trajectoires particulières et multiples. […] L’épistémologie générique s’articule à une éthique comme science des frontières disciplinaires. L’enjeu est de prendre en compte des questions scientifiques majeurs comme « Alzheimer », « climat », « cancer », ainsi que les nouveaux objets créés par les sciences, qui échappent à une vision synthétique et qui se déplacent en permanence.”
Pour plus d’informations
Annie Gentes – Codesign Lab, Telecom Paristech,
Paris Chrysos – Institut supérieur de commerce, Paris, chercheur associé Mines – Telecom Paristech, email@example.com
« Reclaiming the Internet » with distributed architectures: rights, technologies, practices, innovation
The research program ADAM (Distributed Architectures and Multimedia Applications, adam.hypotheses.org) studies the technical, political, social, socio-cultural and legal implications of distributed network architectures.
The final symposium of the ADAM project, open to disciplines as varied as science and technology studies, information and communication sciences, economics, law and network engineering, aims at investigating these implications in terms of a central issue.
The event took place at Mines ParisTech the 2-3 october 2014. More info here.
Papers presented at the symposium focused on one or more of the following four axes:
• “Back to the origins”? Past and present of distributed architectures
• “(Re-) decentralisation, a sustainable alternative for the Internet ‘ecology’?
• Decentralisation and distribution of skills, rights, control.
• What are the communicational models at stake in decentralised infrastructures and architectures?
This article explores, from a media studies perspective, some aspects of the Community Wireless Networks, these organizations that attempt to take a grassroots approach to provide a viable alternative to classic Internet Service Providers (ISP) or municipal wireless networks for consumers.
The papers addresses questions such as « what is the social and political significance of community WiFi projects? How might they contribute to more democratic communications? ». It was presented during the session #3 of the symposium « Futures of decentralization » (with Paris Chrysos [ISC Paris, Mines ParisTech], Christian Sandvig [University of Michigan], Jeffrey Andreoni [Nottingham Trent University] and Valérie Schafer [ISCC- CNRS]).
La Recherche en Design, un Enjeu pour l’Université Paris-Saclay.
On october 15 and 16 a colloquium took place in ENS (école normale supérieure) de Cachan on design research as a potential issue for Université Paris-Saclay. The project was initiated by the Design department of ENS Cachan to assure its orientation toward research and to question how design can be considered a research field.
During two days, designers, researchers, historians, gathered to give a better look of what is design in context of research, and as itself as a specific research discipline. Subject were discussed going from Inter-disciplinarity (the intervention of a designer in a different field of study or its integration to a scientific laboratory) to the definition of design research methodology.
Make sure to check the program:
More photos :
Today, October the 2nd 2014, was the first seminar of “Design en Recherche”, the association of french Ph.D. students and recent doctors – untitled “Should we write the methods of design research?”. Seminar coordinated by Robin de Mourat (Université Rennes 2), Ioana Ocnarescu (École Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Métiers ParisTech & Strate), Anne-Lyse Renon (EHESS, CNRS), Marine Royer (EHESS, ENSCI-Les Ateliers).
This is a brief note to give my personal feedback right away after this event. The overall feeling is great, people are interested, generous and modest. The size of the network and the event makes everybody accessible. The intent was not to provide any deliverable but to bring questions. As Alain Findeli said: in such a short period of time, the young community of french design researchers raised “good questions” – even if they are sometimes a bit simple or straight forward – and that is already encouraging. Soon we will provide a full report including the video of the event, on the website of the association: http://designenrecherche.org. Stay tuned.
Photos by Max Mollon
Supervision : Annie Gentès
Frédéric Valentin is a PhD candidate in the Codesign Lab at Telecom Paris tech since 2014. Frédéric Graduated from école Boulle in product design and from ENS (école Normale Supérieure) de Cachan.
His researches take interests in the impact of auto-production (both the means of conception and fabrication and the new social context it represent) on the design practice. How to define a design practice in the context of diversity brought by the variety of individual interpretation? What does the end of single-sized production means for design’s conceptual tools? How can a design integrate these new figures of users into its own means of conception?
Designer and co-founder of Collectif Bam | Research associate in CoDesign & Media Studies Lab, at Telecom ParisTech.
Anthony Ferretti is an associate researcher of the CoDesign & Media Studies Lab at Telecom ParisTech. Graduated from ENSAAMA – Olivier de Serres (MA Industrial Design), and Paris 1 – Sorbonne (MA Design & environments), he is designer and co-founder of Collectif Bam, a designers’ team who creates services, objects, spaces and other applications by collaborative and participatory design. His tools: drawing, volume and words! His research focuses on digital transformations, ICT and practices of design (co-design, critical and ludic design). He works with different profils on various topics like smart grids, connected objects and personal data.
Born in Paris in 2013, this collective leads workshops using tools and methods to help in the reflection and the creating process. Moreover, it imagines how can evolve uses in a collaborative economy, analyses their impacts and create a design closed to the human aspiration. Acting for the openness of the design practice politic, they also work on digital transformations by co-design. Collectif Bam follows firms and associations throughout the development of their projects.
Supervision: Annie Gentès
Since september 2014, Émeline Brulé is a PhD candidate in Media Studies in the Codesign Lab at Telecom ParisTech. She graduated from « École de Recherche Graphique » of Brussels in 2012 and has been working as an interactive designer ever since. She’s also part of EnsadLab, the research laboratory of the « École nationale supérieure des Arts Décoratifs ».
Her PhD research will focus on the various implications of the current development of wearables. She will be working, in collaboration with IRIT, in Toulouse, on the ANR project called AccessiMap, on the design of interactive and hybrid maps desting to people living with visual impairement.
(Publication) Design, meaning making and constructive fixation : Conceptualizing semiotic conditions to the process of designing.
Jutant, Camille, Gentes, Annie, Béjean, Mathias, & Mivielle, Cédric. (2013). Design, meaning making and constructive fixation : Conceptualizing semiotic conditions to the process of designing (p. 3509‑3519). Presented at IASDR, Tokyo, Japon.
More info: http://www.iasdr2013.jp/
Current debates in design question the effects of “fixation.” On the one hand, to be creative, designers should avoid fixing the meaning of objects or proposals, On the other hand, positive effects of fixation have also been observed in various design practices. For instance, “early
fixation” or “early crystallization” have been conceptualized as ways that significantly help starting the design work without limiting its creative potential. To understand these contrasting positions, we take a semiotic perspective on the phenomenon of fixation. Peirce’s triadic model of sign (representamen, object, interpretant), defines meaning making as an infinite process through the “interpretant” based on personal and social experience. Fixation is therefore a basic semiotic condition through which human beings make sense of the world. As pointed by Peirce, the “final” interpretant is the way by which we can actually communicate meaning to further expand it. Following on this model and the Peircean categories (firstness, secondness, thirdness) we identify three different ways in design that structure how meaning making can be stabilized, e.g.: the feeling of some potential (firstness); the combination of events or things (secondness); the establishment of a belief, habit or law (thirdness).